History of the Founding of Red Deer Alberta

Red Deer’s history is more than 100 years old. What started as an accumulation of small homesteads along with some trading posts has expanded into modern and thriving city. Explore city’s history through its Heritage section. Browse through Records to read red deer history mentioned in the form of written articles, photographs, and audio podcasts. Learn about Red deer’s people who make this city a special city.


History of Red deer

Just before settlements in Europe, this region was known as the gathering place, which had been inhabited by Aboriginal tribes such as Plains Cree, Blackfoot, as well as Stoney. European hair traders began passing this area during late eighteenth century. Métis people also emerged In this ethnic blend.


Native trail went from Montana in southern region over Bow River near Calgary and also on to Fort Edmonton. About halfway near Edmonton and Calgary, the trail crossed Red Deer Stream within broad, stony shallow utilized by 1st nations individuals and bison, often called buffalo, during old days. These shallows, now known as old Red Deer Crossings, are about 7 kilometres (4.30 miles) upstream from the present Town of Red Deer.


After the formation of Fort Calgary by Northern-Western Law enforcement in the year 1875, traffic improved and it was referred to as Calgary and Edmonton Path. After the arrival of Canadian Pacific Railway, traffic over the “C And E” path improved significantly. The stopping home and trading post were constructed in the year 1882 and permanent community began to build around it.

During the year 1885 Riel Rebellion (also known as the North-West Rebellion), Canadian militia constructed Fort Normand au on the crossings. The fort was later purchased by Northern-West Law enforcement who used it till the year 1893.



According to 2016 Census carried out by Statistics Canada, this City of Red Deer had populace of 100418 residing in 39982 of its 42285 personal dwellings, the big difference of 10.90% from 2011 populace of 90564. It has land area of 104.730 Sq. kilometres (40.440 sq. miles), it had populace density of 958.8 sq. kilometres (2483.40 sq. miles) in the year 2016.


According to 2016 municipal census populace of Red Deer was 99832, change of -1.0% from its 2015 municipal census populace of 100807.


The River

Red Deer River is the stream in Alberta and it is also the part of Saskatchewan, Canada. It is the significant tributary of Southern Saskatchewan River and is also the part of larger Saskatchewan-Nelson program that goes into Hudson Bay.

Red Deer River flows across 724 kilometres (450 miles) along with the drainage area of 45100 sq. kms (17400 sq. miles). The river took its title from the word Was-ka-soo, which suggests “elk river” within Cree.


Culture and Arts  

Well known as the Cultural Capital of Canada by Canadian Heritage in the year 2003, Red Deer is home to many social organizations and arts. This is the home for Main Alberta Theatre, Central Songs Festival, Ignition Theatre, Red Deer Museum, Red Deer Symphony Orchestras, Art Collections, Red Deer Royals as well as other performing disciplines and companies.


Trivia and other details

  • Red Deer was integrated as town in the month of June, in the year 1901
  • Red Deer’s well-known dessert is the big Surprise.
  • Area of the Glendale local community northern of 67 Street and west of 59 Avenue was originally called Aspen Heights.
  • Red Deer experienced the first court case in Canada to incorporate woman jurors.
  • Red Deer has already established several woman hockey groups such as heavens, Skookums, and Amazons.